Litter and illegal rubbish dumping


Litter is the presence of items and materials where they are not meant to be.

Litter in our streets, parks, waterways and beaches is a huge problem, both for the environment and for the health and safety of the community. Many littered items take a very long time to break down - so many of the items you use today will still be around long after you are gone.

In 2004 the Beverage Industry Environment Council did research on why people litter. Some of its findings are:

  • Young people are more likely to litter when they are in a group  
  • Older people are more likely to litter when they are alone  
  • Men litter more than women  
  • Smokers will often litter their cigarette butts rather than use a bin  
  • Common reasons for littering are “too lazy”, “no ashtray” and “no bin”

Visit the Victorian Litter Action Alliance website for the full report and for more information about littering.

Cigarette Butt Litter

Cigarette butt litter is a significant problem. 

Many smokers don’t identify cigarette butts as litter and have no idea of the environmental damage they cause. Cigarette butts are made from plastic, and not cotton, wool or paper as commonly thought. They contain more than 4000 chemicals, including carcinogens (Victorian Litter Alliance, 2014). Cigarette butts thrown carelessly on the street get washed out to the Bay, releasing toxic chemicals into the water. Littered cigarette butts are also a health risk for young children, who are known to ingest butts that they find.

There are a number of public ashtrays around the municipality, and smokers can also use small personal cigarette butt canisters (portable ashtrays) for the safe disposal of their cigarette butts.

If you are a smoker, please make sure you bin your butt.

Dog Litter

Dog poo contains a number of different diseases that are harmful to humans. When we don't pick up after our dogs, their faeces can end up in fields and playgrounds where our children play, trails where we take nature walks, and beaches where our families and friends swim. It is then washed into stormwater drains and into our streams, rivers, beaches and even into groundwater. Droppings deposited far from a stream can still end up in our waterways.

Frankston City dog owners must pick up after their animals - Community Local Law 2020 4.8.

Be a responsible pet owner, carry a bag and pick up after your pooch.

Report Litterers

If you see someone littering, please contact Frankston City Council, phone 1300 322 322. The Council has officers authorised under the Environment Protection Act (2017) to investigate dumped litter. Your call can be treated confidentially.

If you see someone littering from a vehicle or near the vehicle they are using, you can report to EPA. You can make litter reports to EPA online using the EPA web form. Further information about reporting litter from vehicles can be found on the EPA website.  

All reports should outline:

  • Location of the litter
  • Date and time where the littering occurred

Fines for littering

Small items of litter (e.g. an extinguished cigarette) - $155 + 1 penalty unit

Burning litter (e.g. a lit cigarette) - $622 + 4 penalty units 

Other litter (e.g. a bag of litter) - $311 + 2 penalty units

The fines raised from convicted littering offences support environmentally beneficial projects.

Illegal Rubbish Dumping

Dumping Rubbish is a Crime

Dumped rubbish includes household waste, green waste, building materials, household materials and other types of materials that have not been disposed of appropriately. It also includes property left on nature strips and unoccupied properties, and matter dumped down stormwater drains.


The Impacts of Illegal Rubbish Dumping

  • Dumping rubbish costs you money and reduces property values
    Every year Council spends hundreds of thousands of ratepayers' money to clean up illegally dumped rubbish. Even more money is spent on fixing infrastructure and natural areas impacted by dumping. Dump sites can also lower property values.
  • Dumping rubbish harms the environment
    Illegal rubbish dumping causes chemical and physical pollution in our neighbourhoods and waterways. It can block stormwater drains, be a breeding ground for insects and spread unwanted pests and diseases.
  • Dumping rubbish increases health and safety risks
    Risks include sharp objects, asbestos, toxic substances, nappies and medical waste. There is also a serious threat of children suffocating in refrigerators that still have doors attached.
  • Dumping rubbish can be a fire hazard
    Dumping green waste, tyres, chemicals and other flammable items can increase the risk of bush fires.
  • Illegally dumped rubbish is bad for the community
    Dumped rubbish is unsightly and serves as a magnet for additional dumping and other criminal activities such as graffiti, bill posting and anti-social behaviour. It can also reduce perceived safety and compromise Frankston City’s welcoming image.

Fines and Enforcement

Fines for littering can be given to an individual or a corporation for litter (less than 50 litres). Fines include for:

• an individual – $370 for a small item of litter such as a cigarette butt or food packaging or $740 for a lit cigarette or other dangerous litter

• a corporation – $1849 for a small item of litter such as a cigarette butt or food packaging or $3698 for a lit cigarette or other dangerous litter 

What Council is doing

Frankston City Council is cracking down on littering and illegal dumping. CCTV cameras are installed at illegal dumping hotspots and Council is serious about tracking down offenders. All dumped rubbish WILL be investigated, and anyone found responsible will be asked to clean up their litter and / or face fines.

Remember - illegal dumpers are costing YOU money - don't let them get away with it!

Report Illegally Dumped Rubbish

You can report illegally dumped rubbish to Council online.

Council officers are authorised under the Environment Protection Act (2017) to investigate illegally dumped rubbish. Your call can be treated confidentially.

Alternatively, if you witness somebody illegally dumping their rubbish, you can report it online to the EPA or phone the 24-hour EPA pollution hotline on 1300 372 842.

If it is your rubbish, it is your responsibility.

Alternative Disposal Options

There are a number of ways you can dispose of your unwanted goods and rubbish appropriately:

  • Detox your home mobile chemical collection
    Many household chemicals can be disposed of at a Detox your Home mobile chemical collection. Collection dates and times and a list of accepted items can be found on the Sustainability Victoria Website
  • Donate to charity
    Many quality goods such as furniture, clothing, books and homewares can be donated to charity.
  • Frankston Regional Recycling and Recovery Centre (FRRRC)
    A wide range of materials can be dropped off at the Frankston Regional Recycling and Recovery Centre (FRRRC) - a discounted charge for hard waste applies to Frankston City residents. Visit the FRRRC page for more information.
  • Hard waste and green waste collections
    Visit the Hard Waste and Bin Information pages for information.
  • Council’s A - Z Waste and Recycling Directory
    This directory lists comprehensive information on where to dispose of your unwanted goods appropriately.